ALTERNATIVE BINDERS FOR CONCRETE: understanding microstructure to predict durability, ABC

Nacionalni projekt • Aktivan projekt

Project duration: 1.4.2019. – 31.3.2024.

Project lead:

Department(s) at the Faculty:
Department of Materials

Project manager at the Faculty:
nema unosa

Lead institution:
Faculty of Civil Engineering University of Zagreb

Project manager: Marijana Serdar


John Provis, University of Sheffield, UK
Karen Scrivener, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland
Paulo JM Monteiro, University of California, Berkeley, USA
Frank Winnefeld, Empa – Swiss Federal Laboratory for Material Science and Technology, Zürich, Switzerland
Guang Ye, Delft University, The Netherlands


Ivan Gabrijel
Martina Grubor
Ivana Vladić Kancir
Matea Flegar
Kiran Ram Porikam Poil Poil
Antonino Runci Runci
Alma-Dina Bašić
Josipa Skočibušić Pejić
Marko Rukavina


Source of funding:
Croatian Science Fundation

2,147,489 kuna


Alternative concrete binders are a new generation of construction materials based on industrial waste and hitherto unused materials, which are a sustainable and economical alternative to classic Portland cement. In order to achieve almost complete replacement of cement, it is of the utmost importance to use more thorough approaches to the research of alternative binders, enabling the understanding of materials at multiple levels (nano-micro-macro). The objectives of the project are: to establish a research group as a center of excellence for research, understanding and correlating the microstructure and durability of alternative binders for concrete; training for independent use of advanced analytical instrumental methods provided by a regional network of instrumentation and training by international centers of knowledge and excellence in a specific research area.


The ABC project will result in the formation of a research team that, thanks to the knowledge gained from education and research on research infrastructure, will have a broad understanding of alternative concrete binders made from waste materials and by-products found in the region. Also, the resulting alternative binders will be exposed to different exposure classes to fully understand the microstructural changes in aggressive environments. Finally, the service life, cost and environmental footprint of Portland cement and alternative binders will be compared, and the established knowledge will be able to be used in testing new materials through other sources of funding.